Modules, Credits, Examination and Weight of Grades

The examination forms are planned in accordance with the General Framework of ASH Test Regulations and the Berlin Higher Education Act (BerlHG).

Essay / research development / project development

Oral presentation

Written examination


Essay / research development / project development

Written assignments are designed to help students develop the ability to reflect on the required readings with respect to specific questions; to fine-tune the ability to structure arguments scientifically; and to integrate information from other sources when applicable. These aptitudes are crucial elements of persuasion and leadership, which will prepare students for the demands of work in conflict management, in intercultural fields, or in academia.

With respect to written assignments, students will receive written comments from professors highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of their work. This constructive criticism should be incorporated into future assignments.

 The lecturers will evaluate students' assignments based on the following criteria:


-    Has the student understood and addressed all dimensions of the question?

-    Does the essay show that the student has carefully read the cited literature and is able to reflect critically upon it?

-    Is the student able to integrate theories, concepts, and policies into his or her responses? Are answers supported with illustrative examples, evidence, or cases?

-    Does the student approach the subject analytically, rather than merely descriptively?

Scientific argumentation

-    Is the argument clearly deductive or inductive?

-    Is the argument structured and sustained satisfactorily throughout the essay?

-    Is the argument properly justified?

-    Does the student also address opposing arguments?

Scientific presentation

-    Are the introduction and conclusion clearly discernible?

-    Are secondary sources used correctly and appropriately?

-    Do citations have the correct form throughout the essay (for example, Harvard style)?

-    Is the bibliography complete? Are Internet sources correctly cited (with the website address and date accessed)?


Oral presentation


Students may be asked to make an oral presentation. The lecturer will decide if the material is to be prepared and presented individually or in small groups. Oral presentations usually consist of 20 minutes of speaking and 10 minutes of discussion, for a total duration of 30 minutes. However, lecturers may adapt the times according to the specific format or topic of the presentation. The evaluation of oral presentations will be based on the following criteria:



-    Is the subject presented in sufficient depth?

-    Does the presentation reflect that a variety of sources have been consulted?

-    Are relevant theories and policies integrated into the topic? Are important organisational and legal instruments and structures cited?

-    Does the student approach the subject analytically, rather than merely descriptively?


-    Is there a clearly-identified introduction explaining the objectives and limitations of the presentation?

-    Is there a clear structure in the argument presented, and is it satisfactorily supported?

-    Are the various sections of the presentation logically related to each other?

-    Is there a conclusion that summarises the main points and raises additional questions?


-    Are audio-visual media used (e.g. projector, blackboard or flip chart, papers, images, etc.)?

-    Are these media adequately integrated into the presentation?

-    Is contact with the audience maintained throughout the presentation?

-    Are notes used? (Reading from notes is prohibited!)


Written examination


Students may be required to pass a written in-class examination. Examinations are typically scheduled for a duration of 90 minutes, and have been designed to give students the opportunity to reflect in writing on the key themes of the unit and thus present evidence of the results of their learning. The evaluation of student work is based on its scientific content and argumentation, as long as they are applicable within the context of the specific unit. Lecturers will clarify their evaluation criteria in detail prior to the examination.



Application deadline 15th of May 2018

application form

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